MetaVib — Vibro-acoustic metamaterials for reducing noise and vibration

New lightweight potential for vehicles and machines

Vibroakustiche Metamaterialien Struktur zur Schwingungsreduktion und Lärmminderung

To enable machinery and mobility devices to become more economical and sustainable, the compo-nents used in them need to be manufac-tured more efficiently and designed with a more lightweight structure. However, these structures often encounter vibration problems. As part of the “MetaVib” project, vibro-acoustic metamaterials have been researched and developed as an innovative approach to reducing noise and vibration. They offer new freedom when it comes to designing components with targeted vibro-acoustic improvements, while also taking into account criteria for a light-weight structure. 

Currently, vibro-acoustic metamaterials are a topic being researched across the globe in the area of noise and vibration reduction. They can be used to reduce the amplitudes of harmful structure vibra-tions and noise to such a low level and across such a wide range that would not be possible using conventional measures. They are applied to passive or active local resonators usually arranged periodically on the component to be influenced. The local resonators are tuned into the natural fre-quency in question and are placed on the basic structure at distances smaller than half the wavelength of the frequency to be influenced. “Stop bands”, which are areas where no wave propagation is possible, occur in this frequency range during the transfer function.

Vibroakustiche Metamaterialien Funktionsschema Schwingungsreduktion und Lärmminderung metaVib
Figure 2: Schematic representation of VAMM (left) and a stop band in the frequency domain (right).

Toolbox for independent design process and efficient prototype development

During the “MetaVib” project, Fraunhofer researchers managed to achieve an effective structure-borne noise reduction of up to 20 dB in defined frequency ranges. This knowledge is provided in a toolbox that facilitates the task of designing and optimizing structures as vibro-acoustic metamaterials at different levels of detail. The design process varies according to the application and supports efficient proto-type development in industrial follow-up projects.

Validated on demonstrators close to the application

On the body-in-white of a vehicle door, a reduction in vibrations and radiated noise of up to 20 dB in defined frequency ranges was achieved in the laboratory.

metaVib Vibroakustiche Metamaterialien eingesetzt in Autotür Fahrzeugkarosse Schwingungsreduktion und Lärmminderung

Research topic

Vibroacoustic metamaterials

New concepts for noise and vibration mitigation

Group project

Numerical methods and analyses

Development of new methods for the analysis and evaluation of structures and systems.